Unfortunately, Mr. M. Subramanian, who maintained this website lost his battle to cancer and passed away in July, 2019. The database has over 50,000 questions. If you are interested in purchasing the website/database, please reach out using the form here. Learn TNPSC exam and online pratice


Q1. On which day and date India became independent?

Friday - 15th August 1947. (Mid night of 14th August 1947)

Q2. On which day and date India became a Republic?

Thursday - 26th January 1950

Q3. In which continent and hemisphere India lies?
Asia. Northern Hemisphere with reference to North and South and Eastern Hemisphere with reference to East and West.
Q4. Area wise what is the position of India?

32,87,263 SQKM - (12,69,219 SQMi) - Seventh largest in the world - covers 2.5% of the total landmass of the earth.

Q5. Population wise what is the position of India?

Second - Approximately 132+ Crores as of 2016 July representing nearly 17-18% of the world population. Of which nearly 30% live in cities and towns.

Q6. Geographically what is the position of India?
Between parallels of latitude 8 degree 4' N and 37 degree 6'N and Meridians of Longitudes 68 degree 7'E and 97 degree 25'E.
Q7. What is the frontier running kilometer of India?
15200 Kms.
Q8. What is the total coastline distance including external territories?
7577 Kms ( 5483 peninsular and 2094 external - which includes Anadaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands).
Q9. What is the north to south distance of India?
3214 Kms.
Q10. What is the East to West distance of India?
2933 Kms.
Q11. What is the extant by length of the peninsular portion of India?
The peninsular table land is about 1600 Kms in length into the Indian ocean covered on either side by Arabian Sea on the West and Bay of Bengal on the East. Nearly half of India is on the peninsular portion.
Q12. What is the name of the strait within the Indian waters dividing India and Sri Lanka?

PALK STRAIT - Between India and Sri Lanka connecting two large water bodies - Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea.

Q13. Palk Strait is named after?

Robert Palk, Governor of Madras Presidency during British Rule.

Q14. What are the Gulfs in India?
  1. Gulf of Mannar - Between India and Sri Lanka.
  2. Gulf of Kachch     and    
  3. Gulf of Kumbhat both in Gujarat of Arabian Sea. (for more details see under Gulfs)
Q15. What are the mountain ranges of India?

1. Himalayas - North East to Northwest.
2. Vindhyas
3. Satpura
4. Aravalli - Central India.
5. Sahyadri - Western Ghats - West Coast of India.
6. Eastern Ghats - East Coast of India. (for more details of them see under Mountains)

Q16. What are the external territories of India?

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Indian Ocean.
2. Lakshadweep Islands - Arabian Sea. ( for more details see under Union Territories)

Q17. What are the types of soil and where are they found in India?

ALLUVIAL - One fourth of Indian soil is Alluvial - Found in Gangetic plains, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam and coastal south Indian river beds.
BLACK - Maharashtra, West Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu.
RED: Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and North Eastern Hill states.
LATERITE : Deccan, Andhra, Eastern Ghats, Mysore, Tamilnadu, Odisha and Meghalaya.
SALINE/ALKALINE - Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan.
PEAT/MARSHY - Kerala, Coastal Orissa, Sunderbans, Parts of Bengal, and South East Tamilnadu.
DESERTS - Rajasthan, parts of Gujarat and Haryana ( see under deserts).

Q18. What type of forests are there in India and where are they found?

TROPICAL DRY MOIST FORESTS - Found in Hilly regions of Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Sub Himalayan Tract, Coorg (Karnataka), West and Eastern Ghats. The total forest area in India is about 24% to 25% of the total area - roughly 778229 Sqft.

Q19. What are the major rivers of India?
Brahmaputra, Ganges, Indus, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Mahanadi, Damodar, Narmada, Tapti (for more details see Indian rivers -Hydrosphere)
Q20. How many major river basins are there in India and which is the largest one?
Fourteen - Gangetic is the largest one.
Q21. What is the type of climate prevailing in India?
Tropical - Monsoonal type.
Q22. What are the monsoons of India?
South West and North East (see under monsoons)
Q23. During which period South West Monsoon is active over India?
End of May to end of July along the western coasts.
Q24. Which are regions/states benefited by South West Monsoon?
Andamans, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, and North west regions including Delhi.
Q25. During which period the North East Monsoon is active over India?
November and December - Eastern Coastal regions/states.
Q26. Which state has the maximum forest coverage?
Arunachal Pradesh.
Q27. Which state has the least forest cover?
Q28. Which states have fairly large forest cover areas?

Madhya Pradesh (7.64 m hec).,

Arunachal Pradesh (6.8 m hec);

Chhatisgarh (5.6 m hec) Odisha (4.83 m hec)

Maharashtra (4.68 m hec).

Besides them, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Goa also have substantial forest cover.

Q29. Which is the only state to have vast desert area?
Q30. What are the watersheds of India?
Himalayas, Vindhya, Satpura, Sahyadri.
Q31. How many states and Union territories are there in India?
Twenty Eight and Seven. (for more details see under states and Union Territories)
Q32. Capital Delhi is also called?
National Capital Territory since 1991. Also having a state legislature.
Q33. What is the approximate population of India?

As of 2016 July  it is estimated to be 132+ crores . 

Q34. What is the religion wise break up of population?

79.8% --- Hindus,

14.23% --- Muslims,

2.3%   --- Christians    and

3.7%   --- representing Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains etc.,

Q35. What is the percentage of representation of Scheduled Castes and Tribes on Indian population?
16.2% as of 2001 census. 
Q36. Approximately how many languages are there in India?
Q37. How many languages have been officially recognized and what are they?

22 - Assamese,  Bengali,  Bodo, Dogri,  Gujarati,  Hindi,  Kannada,  Kashmiri,  Konkani,  Malayalam, Maithili, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali. Oriya, Punjabi, Santali, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. (Incorporated in the VIII Schedule of the Constitution. The last addition was made in 2003 by 92nd Amendment including Bodo, Maithili, Dogri and Santali.)

Q38. Indian currency contains how many languages?
Q39. How many Indian languages have more than 10000 speakers?
Q40. Approximately how many villages are there?

Approximately 6.5 lakhs. 

Q41. How many cities/towns are there in India?
2000 plus 
Q42. What are the metropolitan cities of India?
Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkatta, Mumbai and Pune.
Q43. What and where is &#quot;Finger Area&#quot;?
A small stretch of land lying between India's Sikkim state and China.
Q44. Which geographical feature passes through India?
Tropic of Cancer.
Q45. When was the first attempt to enumerate the population in our country made?
Q46. What is the periodicity of conducting enumeration/census?
10 years.
Q47. When was the first regular census held in India?
Q48. When was the first census held in independent India?
Q49. When was the last census held in India?
Q50. Since independence how many census have been conducted?
Seven ( 2011 census is included).
Q51. What was the population recorded as per 2011 census?

121,01,93,422 - One hundred and twenty one crores Ninetythree thousand four hundred and twenty two. 

Q52. As per 2011 census and population, India constitutes how much of the world population?


Q53. What is the density of population as per 2011 census?

382 persons per square kilometer.

Q54. What is the sex ratio of Indian population as per 2011 census?

944 females per thousand male.

Q55. What is the birth/death rate as per 2001 census?

Birth 19.3 per 1000 and death 7.3 per thousand as of July 2016.

Q56. As of 2011 census, what is the literacy rate of India?


Q57. Which state of India is the most populous state?
Uttar Pradesh.
Q58. Which is the least populous state of India?
Q59. Which is the most populous Union Territory of India?
Q60. Which is the least populous Union Territory of India?
Q61. Which is the most densely populated state of India?
West Bengal.
Q62. Which is the most densely populated Union Territory of India?
Q63. Which is the least densely populated state of India?
Arunachal Pradesh.
Q64. Which is the least densely populated Union Territory of India?
Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Q65. Which state has the highest female population?
Q66. Which state has the lowest female population?
Q67. Which state has the lowest birth rate?
Q68. Which state has the highest birth rate?
Uttar Pradesh.
Q69. Which state has the highest death rate?
Madhya Pradesh.
Q70. Which state tops the literacy rate in India?
Q71. Which state has the lowest literacy rate in India?
Q72. Which water body ( geographical feature ) in India has the name of a district of neighbour country?
Gulf of Mannar (Mannar is a district of Sri Lanka)
Q73. How the literacy rate is derived?
Any one above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered as literate. In censuses before 1991, children below the age of 5 were treated as illiterates. The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as &#quot;Crude Literacy Rate&#quot; and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as &#quot;Effective Literacy Rate&#quot;.
Q74. What is the population of India as per the census of 2011?

According to the provisional data, the population detail is as follows:

  Population    Male      62,37,24,248
     Female      58,64,69,174
     Total    121,01,93,422
  Literacy    Male    82.14%
     Female    65.46%
     Average    74.04%
  Density    Male:Female    1000:940

Q75. What is RED CORRIDOR related to the states in India?
A term used to describe an impoverished region in East India that experiences considerable Naxalite insurgency. These are also areas that suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and overpopulation in modern India and the region is spread across - Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.