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EASTERN GANGA DYNASTY 1078-1434
Q1. Which part of India was ruled by this dynasty?
Orissa in full and parts of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Chhatisgarh regions. The Eastern Gangas were great patrons of art and culture and their contribution to Hinduism is immense.
Q2. Who founded the Eastern Ganga Dynasty?
The dynasty was founded by Anantavarman Choda Ganga (1076-1148). He made Orissa a powerful kingdom by extending its territories from the north of Ganges in Bengal to that of the Godavari in the South. He built the Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar and the Jagannath Temple, Puri.
Q3. Who succeeded Anantavarman Choda and what were his contributions?
Narasimha I - 1238-1264 - He managed to occupy a portion of Bengal from the Muslim rulers. He built the Sun Temple at Konarak. With the invasion of this territory by the Delhi Sultan in 1324 and by Vijayanagara empire in 1356 and finally with his death came the end of Eastern Gangas although few more rulers continued to rule Orissa until 1434.
Q4. Who was the last ruler of the Eastern Ganga dynasty?
Bhanudeva IV - nicknamed the "mad king" - His minister Kapilendra usurped the throne and founded the Suryavamsa dynasty in 1434-1435.