ELECTION COMMISSION AND ELECTIONS
Q1. What is the name for the study of Elections?
PSEPHOLOGY - study and analysis of elections patterns, results etc.,
Q2. Which Article of the Constitution deals with election related matters?
Articles 324 to 329.
Q3. When was the Election Commission established and where is the headquarters and Regional offices?
25.1.1950 - Headquartered at Delhi "Nirvachan Sadan". Regional offices are located at almost all the state capitals, headed by Election Commissioners.
Q4. Election Commission is responsible for?
Conduct of free and fair elections to the Lok Sabha, State Assemblies, State councils, Panchayats, and also for the Constitutional posts like President and Vice President, registration and recognition of political parties, allotment of symbols, preparation of voters list, disqualification of members on various grounds, and above all supervision of the conduct of elections, the most tedious exercise.
Q5. Who heads the Election Commission and what is the composition?
Chief Election Commissioner appointed under Article 324 of the Constitution. Thus it is a Constituional post and appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Committee on appointments. Until 1990, there was only one Commissioner and from 1.10.1993, the Commission is headed by one Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
Q6. LIST OF CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONERS OF INDIA
|| SUKUMAR SEN
|| KALYANA SUNDARAM
|| S P SEN VARMA
|| NAGENDRA SINGH
|| T SWAMINATHAN
|| S L SHAKDHAR
|| R K TRIVEDI
|| R V S PERI SHASTRI
|| V S RAMA DEVI
|| T N SESHAN
|| M S GILL
|| J M LYNGDOH
|| T S KRISHNAMOORTHY
|| B B TANDON
|| N GOPALASWAMY
|| NAVIN CHAWLA
|| S Y QUARAISHI
|| V S SAMPATH
|| H S BRAHMA
|| NAZEEM ZAIDI
|| ACHAL KUMAR JOTI
|| OM PRAKASH RAWAT
Q7. What is the tenure of Election Commissioners?
6 years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier.
Q8. How the election commissioners can be removed?
Being a Constitutional post, they can be removed only by an impeachment motion in the Lok Sabha.
Q9. What is/are the important law governing the conduct of elections?
Representation of People Act 1950-1951, which lays down guidelines on preparation, revision of electoral rolls, conduct of elections and post election disputes.
Q10. What is the periodicity of conducting elections?
Once in 5 years in the normal course for the whole country or for state/s or for both together, unless political situation warrants otherwise.
Q11. What is General Elections?
The election conducted for the whole of the country for the Lok Sabha is called so. (It may include elections for a state/s assembly too, but does not come under the General Elections).
Q12. When was the first General elections held in India after independence?
1951/1952 - Exactly between 25.10.1951 to 21st February 1952 for 489 seats. In which, the Indian National Congress bagged 364 seats, the CPI 16 seats, Socialist Party 12 seats, Other Parties 60 seats and independents 37 seats.
Q13. What is a Mid Term Poll/Election?
When conduct of an election to the Lok Sabha or state legislature becomes necessary, for various reasons, like resignation, death etc., before the completion of the normal tenure, such an election is called so.
Q14. What is a by-election?
Election held for a (single) constituency, be it Lok Sabha/State Assembly/ Council, arising out of any of the reasons, it is called so.
Q15. How many General Elections (Lok Sabha) have been conducted so far?
Sixteen - thus the present Lok Sabha is the sixteenth in the order.
GENERAL ELECTIONS HELD SO FAR
| 1. FIRST -
|| 1951/1952 - 25.10.1951 to 21.2.1952 - 489 seats.
| 2. SECOND -
|| 1957 - 494 seats.
| 3. THIRD -
|| 1962 - 494 seats.
| 4. FOURTH
|| 1967 - 518 seats
| 5. FIFTH
|| 1971 - 518 seats
| 6. SIXTH
|| 1977 - 543 seats
| 7. SEVENTH
|| 1980 - 543 seats
| 8. EIGHTH
|| 1984/85 - 533 seats.
| 9. NINETH
|| 1989 - 543 seats.
| 10. TENTH
|| 1991 - 543 seats.
| 11. ELEVENTH
|| 1996 - 543 seats.
| 12. TWELVTH
|| 1998 - 543 seats
| 13 THIRTEENTH
|| 1999 - 543 seats
| 14. FOURTEENTH
|| 2004 - 543 seats.
| 15. FIFTEENTH
|| 2009 - 543 seats.
| 16. SIXTEENTH
|| 07.4.2012 - 12.5.2014 - 9 phases - 543 seats
Q16. Who was the first election commissioner?
Sukumar Sen - 21.3.1950 to 19.12.1958.
Q17. Which section of the People's Representation Act prescribes the age limit for voting as 18?
Section 19. (see 61st Amendment of the Constitution of 1989)
Q18. Under which provision, NRIs, residing at India, during the time of elections, has been empowered to vote in the elections?
People's Representation Act Amendment Bill 2010 - from August 2010.
Q19. Who were the two long serving Election Commissioners?
1. Sukumar Sen - 21.3.1950 to 19.12.1958 - 8 years and 9 months.
2. K.V.K.Sundaram - 20.12.1958 to 30.9.1967 - 8 years and 9 months.
Q20. What is the status of Election Commission?
Autonomous, quasi-judicial and a Constitutional body.
Q21. When was the last General Elections (as of 2015) held?
7th April to 12th May 2014 in nine phases.
Q22. When was the EVMs (Electronic Voting Machines) first used?
1989-1990 in 16 assembly constituencies in three states.
Q23. An EVM can hold how many candidates?
Q24. An EVM can record how many votes?
Q25. From which constituency Jawaharlal Nehru contested in the I General Elections in 1952?
Phulpur of Uttar Pradesh.
Q26. When was the EVM first used in Indian elections?
In a by-election at Parur Assembly Constituency, Kerala in about 50 polling booths as a trial measure.
Q27. When from the "indelible ink" is used in elections in India?
1962 - General elections.
Q28. Which organization developed the indelible ink?
National Physical Laboratory, Delhi.
Q29. Which is the only organization authorized to manufacture the indelible ink?
Mysore Paints and Varnishes Ltd., a Karnataka Government undertaking, Mysore.
Q30. Which is the largest Lok Sabha Constituency by population and area?
As of 2014, Malkajgiri is the largest Lok Sabha constituency by number of electors with 3,183,325.
Parliamentary Constituency with largest Area - Ladakh (J&K)- 173266.37 sq. km
Q31. Which is the highest Polling Booth?
Fasten village, Ladakh, 6180 mts.a.s.l. - 26 Kms from the nearest road.
Q32. Smallest constituency in terms of electors?
Q33. A person in Tamilnadu is famous for contesting elections (in general). What is there in it?
K. PADMARAJAN of Mettur Dam, Salem Dt., Tamilnadu, a welder by profession, has contested for the elections more than 100 times. The uniqueness in his contesting the elections is that, he contests elections against VIPs like, Deve Gowda, Vajpayee, P.V.Narasimha Rao and so on. Of Course, he has lost all the elections, but should appreciate his resolve.
Q34. Who are the three politicians to get elected to the Lok Sabha 9 times?
Atal Behari Vajpayee, Somnath Chatterjee, Giridhar Gamang.
Q35. What is Rule 49-O option that a voter can exercise as per the conduct of election Rules 1961?
Voters can exercise the option not to vote for any candidate.
Q36. Who was the youngest to be elected to the Lok Sabha as MP in the 2004 elections?
Sachin Pilot - at the age of 26years and 6 months from Dausa, Rajasthan representing Congress Party.
Q37. Who is the youngest to be elected to the 15th Lok Sabha in 2009?
Agatha Sangma, daughter of former central minister and Lok Sabha Speaker P.A.Sangma. She became a MP in 2008 in a by election and got elected again in the 2009. She is the youngest of the MPs in the 15th Lok Sabha and also she is the youngest to hold the post of Minister of State (Rural Development).
Q38. Who was the oldest member to get elected to the Lok Sabha as a Member of Parliament?
N.G.Ranga at the age of 89 years.
Q39. Which Lok Sabha, since independence, has the highest number of women MPs?
16th Lok Sabha - 2014 - with 61 women MPs.
Q40. Which State as of 15th Lok Sabha, has the largest number of women MPs?
Andhra Pradesh - Five.
Q41. What unique event happened in February 1998 between Chamberline Marak and Roster Sangma in the Kherapara Assembly, Meghalaya elections?
Both of them tied at 2591 votes. Their result was decided on the basis of toss of a coin invoking Section 65 of the People's Representation Act 1951 in which Chamberline Marak won and was declared so.
Q42. Who holds the record for winning the lok sabha elections as MP with the largest margin in all the elections held so far?
Pritam Gopinathrao Munde - from Beed (Maharashtra) constituency - with a difference of 6,96,321 votes.