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MALWA REGION - 1390 - 1561

Q1. Malwa region comprises of?
Present day Madhya Pradesh districts - Dewas, Dhar, Indore, Jabura, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Shajapur, Ujjain, parts of Guna, Seshore, Jhalawar, Bhanswara and Chittorgarh of Rajasthan. After the Mughals, it came under the British and was known as Malwa Agency and after independence, became Madhya Pradesh with some territorial adjustments.
Q2. Who were the rulers of the Malwa region?
It became another important and independent kingdom when the Delhi Sultanate started declining.
DILAWAR KHAN GHURI - 1390-1406 - He was appointed as a Governor of Malwa by the Tughlaqs. He declared himself an independent kingdom by 1401/1402 and ruled upto 1406.
ALP KHAN - 1406-1435 - He succeeded Dilawar Khan. He was also called HUSHANG SHAH. He was the founder of the town Hoshangabad.
MUHAMMAD SHAH - 1435-36 - Found to be an inefficient ruler and thus was replaced by Khilji dynasty rulers in 1436.
MAHMUD KHILJI - 1436-1439 - In a way this move founded a dynastic rule which lasted upto 1531, with the last ruler being Mahmud Khilji II, who was defeated by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and the region annexed. Between 1531 to 1561, the region passed through Humayun, Mallu Khan, a Khilji dynasty officer, then with Sher Shah of the Afghans and finally fell into the hands of Akbar in 1561, when this region was ruled by Sher Shah's Governor Baz Bahadur.