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Q1. Slave dynasty rulers are the descendants from the Muslim sect of…?
Turks (from Turkey)
Q2. The Turkish rulers considered whom as the Supreme Leader?
The Caliph - Egypt.
Q3. What was the disciplinary mode/method introduced by Balban to establish his superiority over the nobles?
SAIZADA - prostration. PAIBOS - kissing the Sultan's feet.
Q4. Who were the hierarchial administrators in the Slave Dynasty?
ULEMA - Muslim Theologies - An advisory board who makes advices on the basis of Quran, which the administrators follow. There were violations too. ZAWABIT - Rules and Regulations made by the Sultans. SULTAN - Legal Head of State, Chief Executive and the highest court of appeal. A hereditary seat. NAIB SULTAN - Normally appointed when the ruler is very weak or a minor. In exceptions, a powerful or major may be appointed as Naib Sultan from the nobles in the court. Enjoyed all the powers of Sultan. WAZIR - Head of Finance Department. ARIZ I MUMALIK - Head of the Military Department but not the commander. SADR US SUDUR - Head of the Charities and religious grants. ` QAZI UL QAZAT - Head of Judicial Department. AMIR MUNSHI - Head of the Records Department. BADRID I MUMALIK - Head of information and intelligence department. VAKIL I DAR - Incharge of the Palace. AMIR E HAJEB - Scrutiny of Visitors. AMIR E SHIKAR - Organiser of Royal hunts. AMIR E MAJLIS - Organiser of Festivities. SAR I JANDAR - Chief Body Guard of Sultan.
Q5. How were the provinces were called during the slave dynasty rule?
Wilayat or Iqlim.
Q6. How were the Governors called during the slave dynasty rule?
Nayim or Wali.
Q7. Who was the important official of a village during Slave dynasty rule?
Muqaddam or Chaudhari.
Q8. What were the sub-divisions of a province during the salve dynasty rule?
Shiqs and below it Paraganas. The Paraganas were administered by Amil.
Q9. How the lands were classified during the slave dynasty rule?
IQTA - land assigned to officials - whose revenues were assigned to officials in lieu of salaries.
KHALISA - Land under the control of the Sultan the revenue from which is used for the upkeep of the Royal Court.
INAM - land assigned or granted to religious leaders/institutions.
Q10. How the peasants (farmers) were known during Slave dynasty?
Q11. Who was the Moroccan traveler who was at the court of Md.Bin Tughlaq for sometime?
IBN BATTUTAH - appointed by Md. Bin Tughlaq.
Q12. What is the most notable monument built during the Slave dynasty rule?
QUTUB MINAR - at Delhi. Began by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and completed by Illtumish during the 13th century as a memorial dedicated to the Sufi saint Qutub ud din Bhaktiyar Kaki. It is about 71.4 meters tall.
Q13. What are the architectural contributions of Tughlaqs?
TUGHLAQABAD - Palace cum fort built Ghiyasuddin and Md.Bin Tughlaq. HAUZ KHAZ and KOTLA PORT - Hauz Khaz is a pleasure resort built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. It is in Delhi.
Q14. Who was the famous poet in the court of Khiljis and early Tughlaqs?
Amir Khusrau.
Q15. Which Tughlaq ruler destroyed the Jagannath Temple at Puri?
Firuz Shah Tughlaz in mid 14th century.
Q16. Which Tughlaq ruler introduced token currency?
Md. Bin Tughlaq - to preserve Silver.
Q17. How did Ghiyas ud din Tughlaq die?
By an accident occurred whens the pavilion constructed to mark his victorious return to Delhi collapsed. Along with him his younger son also died.
Q18. Who described the death of Md.Bin Tughlaq as "liberation for him from the people and vice versa"?
Badauni - a medieval period Islamic scholar.
Q19. What was "Kharazj"?
BOOTY - wealth collected from other's territories after a war or otherwise.
Q20. How were the secret agents called?
Q21. What was "Diwan-i-arz" and introduced during whose rule?
Military department introduced during Balban's rule.
Q22. Who was the first Caliph and founder of Ummayad Dynasty (661-749AD) of the Caliphate of Persia?
Abu Bakr.
Q23. Who was the founder of the city of Agra?
Sikandhar Lodhi.
Q24. Which Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate described himself as the second Alexander?
Alauddin Khilji.
Q25. Which dynasty was ruling Delhi when Babur invaded India in the 16th century?
Lodhi dynasty.
Q26. How the first four Muslim rulers, following the prophet are popularly known?
RASHIDUN - meaning "Rightly guided Caliphs".
Q27. Who quoted that "Raziya was endowed with all qualities befitting a King, but she was not born of the right sex"?
Minhas Siraj - he was in the court of Nasiruddin Muhammad.
Q28. Which dynasty started entertaining Indian Muslims into powers and positions ?
Q29. Which Sultan received a Role of Honour from the Caliph?
Q30. Which tax was not permitted by the Shariat?
Marriage Tax.
Q31. How did Md. Bin Tughlaq die?
Died of fever - normal sickness.
Q32. The department of "Diwan-i-Kohi" created by Md.Bin Tughlaq looked after?
Q33. Who was the first Sultan to provide relief to famine affected people?
Md. Bin Tughlaq
Q34. Who completed the conquest and annexation of South India?
Jauna Khan - during Tughlaq dynasty.
Q35. Who was the first Sultan to pay soldiers in cash instead of "Iqtas"?
Alauddin Khilji.
Q36. Who introduced token currency in China before Md.Bin Tughlaq introduced it in India?
Qublai Khan.
Q37. Who was a "Shahna" of the Muslim rulers period?
Market Superintendent.
Q38. Who were the "Balahars" during the Muslim rulers period?
Q39. What were "Rajab-wah" and ‘Ulugh Khani" during Firuz Shah Tughlaq's regime?
Canals that were cut by the Sultan from Yamun
Q40. What was "araghatta" during Muslim rulers period?
A device to lift water.
Q41. During whose period "Jizya" tax was collected even from Brahmins?
Firuz Shah Tughlaq.
Q42. How were the foot soldiers during Muslim rulers period called?
Payakas or Paiks.
Q43. Which Tughlaq fled from Delhi when Timur captured it?
Nasir ud din Mahmud.
Q44. Who were "Barids" during Muslim rulers period?
Secret Agents.
Q45. "Minhas Siraj" was the poet laureate in the court of?
Nasiruddin Mahmud.
Q46. Qutub Minar was named after?
Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki - a sufi saint.
Q47. Why did Md. Bin Tughlaq introduce token currency?
To overcome the global shortage of silver during that period.
Q48. Khusrau Khan, a commander of the during Qutbudding Mubarak Shah regime was?
Sudra Caste of Hindu religion.
Q49. What was the name of the camp and river bank in which Md.Bin Tughlaq lived for two and a half years?
The camp was "Svargadvari" and it was on the banks of Ganges.
Q50. What was "Chahra" and who introduced it?
Chahra was descriptive roll of soldiers and it was introduced by Alauddin Khilji.
Q51. Who was that Jaina saint with whom Md.Bin Tughlaq held discussions?
Jinaprabha Sur.
Q52. Arrange the Delhi sultanate dynasties in the chronological order?
Slave 1206 - 1290
Khilji 1290 - 1320
Tughlaq 1321 - 1398
Sayyid 1414 - 1451
Lodhi 1451 - 1526.
Q53. Arrange the Slave dynasty rulers in the Chronological order?
Qutubuddin Aibak 1206-1210; Aram Shah 1210-1211; Shamsuddin Iltumish 1211-1236; Ruknuddin Firuz 1236; Razziyat ud din Sultana 1236-1240; Muizuddin Bahram 1240-1242; Alauddin Masud 1242-1246; Nasiruddin Mahmud 1246-1266; Ghiyasuddin Balban 1266-1286; Muizuddin Qaiqabad 1286-1290; Kayumar 1290.
Q54. Arrange the Khilji dynasty rulers in the chronological order?
Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji 1290-1296
Alauddin Khilji 1296-1316
Qutubuddin Mubarak Shah1316-1320.
Q55. Arrange the Tughlaq dynasty rulers in the chronological order?
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq 1321-1325
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq 1325-1351
Firuz Shah Tughlaq 1351-1388
Ghiyath al din Tughlaq 1388-1389
Abu Baker 1389-1390.
Nasir Al Din Muhammad 1390-1394
Mahmud Nasir Al Din 1394-1413
Q56. Arrange the Sayyid dynasty rulers in the chronological order?
Khizr Khan 1414-1421;
Mubarak Shah 1421-1434;
Muhammad Shah 1434-1443 ;
Alam Shah 1443-1451.
Q57. Arrange the Lodhi dynasty rulers in the chronological order?
Bablul Khan Lodhi 1451-1489;
Sikandhar Lodhi 1489-1517;
Ibrahim Lodhi 1517-1526.
Q58. Which Islamic ruler was first conferred the title of "Sultan" and by whom?
Ghazni Muhammad by Abbasid Caliph Qadir.
Q59. Which Sultan ruler was known as "Lakh Buksh"?
Qutubuddin Aibak.
Q60. During which Sultan ruling, there was serious conflict between Sunni and Shia sect of Muslims?
Razia Sultana.
Q61. Which South Indian ruler subdued the army of Alauddin Khilji in 1303?
Prataprudra II of Kakatiya dynasty.
Q62. Which Sultan ruler was the first to make incursion into the Deccan region?
Jalaluddin Khilji.
Q63. What does "Ghanima" mean in the Delhi Sultanate parlance?
War booty.
Q64. Which Delhi Sultan established an employment bureau, a charity bureau and a charitable hospital?
Firuz Shah Tughlaq.
Q65. What are the three kinds of coins made during Delhi Sultanate?
Tanka and Sashgani in Silver and Jital in copper.
Q66. Which Delhi Sultan received an embassy from the Mongol monarch of China seeking permission to visit certain Buddhist temples?
Md. Bin Tughlaq.
Q67. Which slave dynasty ruler was the first to order a huge bell to be hung at the gate of his palace to enable an aggrieved person could ring it anytime?
Q68. Which Delhi Sultan remodeled the coinage system and issued new coins like Dinar in Gold and Adl in Silver?
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq
Q69. Who introduced to India the Persian festival of "Nauroz" (New Year)?
Q70. Who was appointed as Md.Bin Tughlaq's envoy in the court of the Chinese emperor?
Ibn Batutah.
Q71. Who said "I do not know whether this is lawful or not, whatever I think to be for the good of the state or opportune for the emergency that I decree"?
Alauddin Khilji.
Q72. What are the cities founded by Firuz Shah Tughlaq?
Jaunpur, Hissar and Firozabad.
Q73. Which Delhi Sultan tried to organize the army on the decimal system after the Mongol pattern?
Md.Bin Tughlaq.
Q74. What was "Masahat" during Delhi Sultan period?
A term used for measurement of lands.
Q75. What was "Khidamat" during Delhi Sultan period?
A tribute realized from subjugated Indian chiefs.
Q76. Whom did Mahmud of Ghazni defeat to conquer and annex Peshawar and Punjab?
Hindu Shahis.
Q77. Who was the court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni and author of "Shahnameh"?
Firdausi - Persian poet. Shahnameh is the national epic of Iran.
Q78. Who was the first Indian ruler to defeat Muhammad of Ghur, also called Muhammad Ghori?
Mularaja II, the Solanki ruler of Gujarat.
Q79. When did the last campaign of Md.Ghori in India take place and for what purpose?
1206 - to suppress a rebellion of Khokkars of the Punjab.
Q80. Diwan-i-Khairat was a separate department of?
Public works and Welfare.
Q81. Which commander of Md.Ghori was responsible for defeating the Senas and establishing Muslim rule in Eastern India?
Bhatiyar Khilji.
Q82. Which Delhi Sultan died while playing Chaugan (Polo)?
Qutubuddin Aibak.
Q83. During which Delhi Sultan's rule did Chengiz Khan, the famous Mongol attack India's borders in pursuit of Jalaluddin the fugitive of Khwarazami prince?
Q84. Which Delhi Sultan considered himself as neither "onus inter peres" (one among equals) nor "primus inter peres" (first among equals), but much superior to the nobles?
Q85. Who was the only noble to revolt against Firuz Shah Tughlaq's 37 years of rule?
Malik Shamsuddin Damghani.
Q86. About the territory of which Delhi Sultan, is the following comment made – "The dominion of the Lord of the Universe extended from Delhi to Palam"?
Nasiruddin Mahmud Tughlaq.
Q87. Which military commander of the Delhi Sultanate made plundering raids of South India upto Kanyakumari and during which Sultan's rule?
Malik Kafur during the reign of Alauddin Khilji.
Q88. Quwwai-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi of the period of the slave dynasty, was originally a ?
Jaina Temple.
Q89. Which famous poet and court noble is said to have witnessed the reign of eight Delhi Sultans?
Amir Khusrau.
Q90. Which dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate were also known as "Mamluk Dynasty"?
Slave dynasty.
Q91. Arrange the historians of the Muslim period in the chronological order?
Abu Bakr, Firdausi, Hasan Nizami, Amir Khusrau and Barauni.
Q92. Arrange the nobles of Delhi Sultans in the descending order?
Khan, Malik, Amir, Sar-i-Khail.
Q93. Who are the Delhi Sultans born to Hindu mothers?
Nasiruddin Khusrau - a Hindu convert Islam and last ruler of Khiljis. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq , Sikandhar Lodhi and Firuz Shah Tughlaq.
Q94. Who was the only woman emperor of the Delhi Sultanate and who nominated her?
Raziya Sultana, nominated by her father Iltumish. She was only the daughter to be preferred over sons by any ruler of Indi
Q95. Who deposed Razia Sultana and how she was killed?
She was deposed by her own nobles and supposedly killed by some bandits at Khaital.
Q96. What was "majlis-i-an" and "majlis-i-khalawat" and who were part of it? .
They are council of ministers and was formed by Wazir, Ariz-i-mumalik, Sadr-us-sudur, Amir munshi
Q97. The turks introduced some new techniques to the textile industry in IndiWhat were they?
1. Spinning Wheel 2. Cotton Carder's Bow 3. Weaver's Treadles.
Q98. The following quote, "Sovereignty is not conferred upon every man but is placed on the elect" was ascribed to which Delhi Sultan? Md.Bin Tughlaq.
The following quote, "Sovereignty is not conferred upon every man but is placed on the elect" was ascribed to which Delhi Sultan? Md.Bin Tughlaq.
Q99. Whose quote was "Better a people's weal, than treasures vast" and what does it mean?
Quoted by Firuz Shah Tughlaq. It means, it is better to have people's welfare than a huge treasury.
Q100. Who introduced the "Market Control Mechanism"?
Alauddin Khilji.
Q101. What does the following words used during the Sultanate period mean?
AMIR MUNSHI Head of Records Department.
ALIM Muslim Theologian
AAHL I SAIF Warrior Class.
AAHL I QALAM Ulema and writers.
AMIR E HAJEB Incharge of scrutiny of visitors to the court.
AMIR E MAJLIS Incharge of Royal feasts and celebrations.
BARID I MUMALIK Head of Intelligence Department.
BARID Intelligence Agent.
BARBAK Incharge of Royal Court
CHAHRA Decriptive roll of soldier.
DIWAN I RISALAT Department of Ecclesiastical Affairs.
DIWAN I INSHA Department of Records and correspondence.
DIWAN I WAZARAT Finance Department.
DIWAN I ARZ Military Department.
DIWAN I KOHI Agricultural Department.
DIWAN I BANDAGANI Department of Slaves.
DAGH Branding of horses.
FARMAN Rules and Regulations framed by the Sultans.
IQTA Land whose revenues are assigned to an official in lieu of salary.
INAM Land assigned to an artist.
KAFIR Infidel or Unbeliever.
KHUTBA Friday Prayer.
KHALISA Crown lands whose revenues were meant for the maintenance of Sultands and his household.
MUZRIF I MUMALIK Accountant General.
MANSUR Letter of Investiture.
MUSTAF I MUMALIK Auditor General.
MADAD I MASH Land of infidels.
NAUROZ Persian New Year.
PAIBOS Kissing the Sultan's feet.
QAZI Civil Judge.
SHARIAT Royal Order.
SIJADA Prostration in front of the Sultan.
SADR US SUDUR Head of Religious Department.
SHAHNA Market Superintendent.
SAR I JANDAR Incharge of the Security of the Sultan.
VAKIL A DAR Incharge of the Royal household.
ZAWABIT Islamic Law.